Wood block printing technique is originated in china and now widely used in East Asia. Bagru city is one of the oldest centers of wooden block printing technique of fabric in repetitive motifs or patterns and imperfect sizes and colours. Some samples of hand block printed fabric have been found in tombs and fossil collection of Egypt and the oldest seals are found in Mesopotamia. Mainly large block designs are used in India and small block designs are famous in china. Mainly stamping and rubbing were the two methods used for fabric printing in old times but then printing fabric in press or screen printing was also introduced later. More than twenty colours can be used on the same fabric but this process takes too long. Traditional printers and dyers who have been continuing and patronizing their skills from centuries are experts in their work. Every community in Bagru has its own textile designs and patterns but the process has been the same since beginning.
Wood Blocks are made by block makers before the printing process starts. The process of block making begins with tracing paper on wood block and then carving and chiseling with a sharp tool. Time taken to make a wood block depends on the size and design. Printing process starts from softening and bleaching raw fabric. This process is done to soften the texture of fabric so that colours can mix well and give shine to colours on fabric. If any base colour is required on fabric then the fabric will be dyed before printing. This process usually takes couple of days but can be put on hold if it rains in the city. Then the work of incredible craftsmanship begins here. The fabric is laid on a long table neatly and colour is prepared in a tray which is big enough to dip a whole block. The fabric is stretched to fit onto the table and sometime fastened with the pins to avoid any ripple. The wooden block is dipped into the tray of colour and then it will be put on fabric. The printer then press or hammer back of the block with his fist so that each part of block touches fabric. The interesting part is craftsman do not require any measurement scale or anything to measure lines or height while printing. Their skilled hands print parallel and continuous motifs and they make sure the colour is also regular throughout. In Dabu printing this process of printing go though many other stages.
Finally the fabric is dried outside in Indian sun. Again rain can affect this stage of process and this delay can go long until sun shows again. Fabric is then steamed in boiling water to fix colour permanently once completely dried. Material is washed in huge quantity of water after steaming and then again dried in the sun as final stage of process. The whole process is connected with natural elements including mud (used in Dabu printing process), water and natural colours or dyes. It is very important to mention that every hand block printed fabric leave some colour in first wash. Neither colours mix in fabric nor do they fade. In Ekaadri you will be ensured and guaranteed for quality.
We are one of those few producers or manufacturers of hand block printing who is still following old technique of mixing vegetable dyes and using natural colours. With a demand of pastel colours we started to make custom designs where textile designers can create their dream patterns with us. We provide one-house solution to designers from all over the world and give them ease to design, create and print their own designs. From sampling to minimum order you will find easy to work with us. Ekaadri is a place where you can trust quality and can expect our cooperation at every stage of deal. Reach us if you have any question for us or if you want us to work for your order and LETS PRINT TOGETHER!